Research reactor WWR-M is located at Scientific Center
Institute of Nuclear Research in Kiev. This is light water reactor using light
water as moderator, coolant and upper protection.
Research reactor WWR-M was commissioned in 1960 (physical putting in operation
was realized 12.02.1960). Nominal capacity 10 MW.
Fuel Uranium enriched up to 36%.
After planned inspection of reactor technical state took place in 1982 reactor was shut down.
After maintenance and upgrading works carried out according to regulations on nuclear safety,
replacement of old equipment and modernization NRA has issued the license on the operation of
WWR-M dated May 21, 1988. Expiry date of the license - January 1, 2000. License will be
prolonged after replacement of the reactor vessel, control rods system etc.
Complex studies on interaction between particles of various nature and a wide spectrum of nuclei from hydrogen to uranium resulted in new important evidence on nuclei energy structure, quantum characteristics of nuclear levels, nature of nuclear forces and mechanism of nuclear transformations. Elastic and inelastic scattering and nuclear reaction products were studied within a wide energy range of incoming particles. Shell and isotope effects were discovered, and the shell structure was shown to affect many processes in a wide range of nuclei excitation.
In the field of high energies elastic electron scattering has been studied and data have been obtained on charge and nuclear magnetic moment distribution, discrete level excitation, on giant resonance and quasielastic scattering.
The influence of nuclear radiation on structural materials of atomic reactors is intensively studied. Research on radiation damage simulation using high-energy electron and heavy ion beams have been developed. This serves as a basis for creating high-reliable components of power reactors, large-size vessels enduring high pressure in particular. Physics of reactor cores, conditions of nuclear fuel optimal utilization, methods for malfunction diagnosis of certain units are studied.
Technical-and-economic problems of complex uses of atomic energy in the national economy and its role in a single fuel-energy balance of the country are solved, development of nuclear power engineering is predicted. A number of mathematical models and programs to design optimal operation conditions for power reactors are created.
The main view of reactor